The invention of printing is one of China is greatest contributions to world civilization,
formarly, human knowledge dissemination is only between individual copying and dictate behavior, but printing is a great engraved activities. The knowledge sharing beyond the individual limitations, becoming the behavior of the whole human society,
In a sense, is to lead people through ignorance of the night, usher in the dawn of civilization.
Engraving printing is the most ancient printing technology, originated in the Sui and tang dynasties, to the song dynasty to the peak. song dynasty engraving format, font, printing paper, ink, book binding form has a bigger development, yuan, Ming and Qing for hundreds of years is the engraving culture inherit and carry forward .Engraving printing is China first monument in the history of the development of printing technology.
Movable type printing outside the engraving printing opened up a new path of printing. Northern Song Dynasty Qing li, the commoner Bi Sheng invented movable type version, over the next nine hundred years, appeared of wooden movable type, tin type, copper type, lead type, such as different material movable type printing, engraving printing materials, artificial, time and cost more than savings. The invention of printing is the printing technology development history China on the second milepost. On November 5, 2010, Chinese movable type printing by the United Nations education, scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) examined and approved the inclusion of the urgent need for the protection of intangible cultural heritage list.
In the first half of 1455 born in Europe (now Germany) wealthy aristocratic family of Gutenberg and investor John Forster, completed the 42 line Bible printing, it marks the screw driven the success of wooden printing machine and metal matrix combination, become a revolutionary invention of the world.
In 1789, Senna field applied to the heavy Limestone Oil pattern is directly printed on paper, and making the wooden lithographic machine, leading to the invention of printing, slate. In 1820s, the western missionaries to china.
In 1907, the Germans Caspar and American Ella brothers invented offset printing technology. Then spread to Shanghai in the early 1920 s Offset line processing technology, offset automation technology, offset two-sided printing technology, offset without ink key technology, waterless offset printing, and with a combination of other printing development to offset in the several printing to dominate Offset printing technology and digital technology is increasingly integrated, with new and eternal youth.
After the application of half a century of lead letterpress printing technology, 1981 China is Professor Wang Xuan presided over the development of China the first computer Chinese information processing laser phototypesetting system prototype through the ministerial level identification, from Chinese traditional publishing and printing industry farewell lead and fire, to greet the light and electricity this is the third milestone in the history of the development of printing technology in China.
In the field of prepress plate, CTP technology (computer direct plate maker) began in 2000 in the domestic market shows signs of developing, CTP references from 2005 to start to the rapid growth in the domestic, this technology is regarded as printing industry towards the key technology of digital process. CTP printing plate technology is still the mainstream of China is printing industry.